Medicare Advantage plans overcharged Medicare by millions : Shots


A review of 90 government audits, released exclusively to KHN in response to a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit, reveals that some health insurers issuing Medicare Advantage plans have tried to sidestep regulations requiring them to document medical conditions the government paid them to treat.

In April 2016, authorities auditors requested a Blue Cross Medicare Benefit well being plan in Minnesota to show over medical information of sufferers handled by a podiatry observe whose proprietor had been indicted for fraud.

Medicare had paid the Blue Cross plan greater than $20,000 to cowl the care of 11 sufferers seen by Aggeus Healthcare, a series of podiatry clinics, in 2011.

Blue Cross stated it could not find any information to justify the funds as a result of Aggeus shut down within the wake of the indictment, which included costs of falsifying affected person medical recordsdata. So Blue Cross requested the Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Companies for a “hardship” exemption to a strict requirement that well being plans retain these recordsdata within the occasion of an audit.

CMS granted the request and auditors eliminated the 11 sufferers from a random pattern of 201 Blue Cross plan members whose information had been reviewed.

A evaluate of 90 authorities audits, launched completely to KHN in response to a Freedom of Info Act lawsuit, reveals that Blue Cross and plenty of different well being insurers issuing Medicare Benefit plans have tried to sidestep rules requiring them to doc medical circumstances the federal government paid them to deal with.

The audits, the latest ones the company has accomplished, sought to validate funds to Medicare Benefit well being plans for 2011 via 2013.

As KHN reported late final month, auditors uncovered tens of millions of {dollars} in improper funds — citing overcharges of greater than $1,000 per affected person a 12 months on common — by almost two dozen well being plans.

The hardship requests, along with different paperwork obtained by KHN via the lawsuit, make clear the secretive audit course of that Medicare depends on to carry accountable the more and more standard Medicare Benefit well being plans — that are a substitute for unique Medicare and primarily run by main insurance coverage firms.

Reacting to the audit findings, Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, known as for “aggressive oversight” to recoup overcharges.

“CMS should aggressively use each software at its disposal to make sure that it is effectively figuring out Medicare Benefit fraud and dealing with the Justice Division to prosecute and recuperate improper funds,” Grassley stated in a written assertion to KHN.

Medicare reimburses Medicare Benefit plans utilizing a posh formulation known as a danger rating that computes larger charges for sicker sufferers and decrease ones for more healthy individuals.

However federal officers hardly ever demand documentation to confirm that sufferers have these circumstances, or that they’re as critical as claimed. Solely about 5% of Medicare Benefit plans are audited yearly.

When auditors got here calling, the beforehand hidden CMS information present, they usually discovered little or no assist for diagnoses submitted by the Benefit plans, corresponding to power obstructive pulmonary illness, diabetes or vascular illness. Although auditors take a look at the information of a comparatively small pattern of sufferers, they will extrapolate the error price to the broad inhabitants of sufferers within the Medicare Benefit well being plan and calculate tens of millions of {dollars} in overpayments.

Total, CMS auditors flagged diagnostic billing codes — which present what sufferers had been handled for — as invalid greater than 8,600 instances. The audits lined information for 18,090 sufferers over the three-year interval.

In lots of instances, auditors discovered that the medical credentials of the well being care supplier who made the analysis had been unclear, the information supplied had been unacceptable, or the file lacked a signature as required. Different recordsdata bore the improper affected person’s title or had been lacking altogether.

The charges of billing codes rejected by auditors assorted extensively throughout the 90 audits. The speed of invalid codes topped 80% at Touchstone Well being, a defunct New York HMO, in keeping with CMS information. The corporate additionally was proven to have the very best common annual overcharges — $5,888 per affected person billed to the federal government.

In contrast, seven well being plans had fewer than 10% of their codes flagged.

Well being insurers had a variety of excuses for why information could not be turned over to auditors

One Medicare Benefit well being plan submitted 57 hardship requests, greater than another insurer, although CMS permitted solely six. In three instances, the well being plans stated the information had been destroyed in floods. One other cited a warehouse hearth, and two stated the information could not be turned over as a result of a physician had been convicted for his position in illegally distributing tens of millions of oxycodone capsules via his community of ache clinics.

Different Medicare Benefit well being plans argued they’d no luck retrieving medical information from docs who had moved, retired, died — and in some instances been arrested or misplaced their licenses for misconduct.

CMS discovered most excuses wanting, telling well being plans they granted exceptions solely in “actually extraordinary circumstances.” CMS stated it receives about 100 of those requests for annually it audits and approves about 20% of them.

The Medicare Benefit plan issued by Minnesota Blue Cross received its enchantment after it relied on Aggeus Healthcare for diagnoses of vascular illness for 11 of its sufferers who obtained podiatry care..

Dr. Yev Grey, a Chicago podiatrist who owned the Aggeus chain that operated in additional than a dozen states, was indicted on federal fraud costs in Missouri in October 2015.

The indictment accused him of making an digital medical file that fraudulently added billing codes for therapy of medical circumstances sufferers did not essentially have, together with vascular illness.

Grey pleaded responsible in Could 2017 to costs of conspiracy to defraud america and making false statements associated to well being care issues. He was sentenced to 90 months in jail.

Blue Cross stated it “terminated” its community agreements with Aggeus about two weeks after studying of the indictment. Jim McManus, director of public relations for Blue Cross and Blue Defend of Minnesota, had no touch upon the case however stated the insurer “is dedicated to investigating credible instances of fraud, waste, and abuse.”

Dara Corrigan, a CMS deputy administrator, stated that as a “basic matter,” its Medicare Benefit audits “aren’t designed to detect fraud, nor are they supposed to determine all improper analysis submissions.”

Defending taxpayers: ‘That’s cash that must be recovered’

The prices to taxpayers from improper funds have mushroomed over the previous decade as extra seniors choose Medicare Benefit plans. CMS has estimated the overall overpayments to well being plans for the 2011-2013 audits at $650 million, but how a lot it’s going to finally claw again stays unclear.

Fee errors proceed to be a drain on the federal government program. CMS has estimated internet overpayments to Medicare Benefit plans triggered by unconfirmed medical diagnoses at $11.4 billion for 2022.

“This is not a partisan challenge,” stated Sen. Sherrod Brown D-Ohio. “I’ve requested a plan from CMS as to how they plan to recoup these taxpayer-funded overpayments and forestall future overbilling.”

Leslie Gordon, an appearing director of well being take care of the Authorities Accountability Workplace, stated CMS wants to hurry up the audit and appeals course of to get faster outcomes.

“That’s cash that must be recovered,” Gordon instructed KHN.

As Medicare Benefit faces mounting criticism from authorities watchdogs and in Congress, the {industry} has tried to rally seniors to its facet whereas disputing audit findings and analysis that asserts this system prices taxpayers greater than it ought to.

AHIP, an insurance coverage {industry} commerce group, criticized KHN’s reporting on the newly launched audits as “deceptive,” whereas the pro-industry group Higher Medicare Alliance stated the audits had been “in some instances, greater than a decade outdated.”

Jeff De Los Reyes, a senior vice chairman at GHG Advisors well being care consulting group, stated he believes the well being plans have improved their documentation in recent times. However, he stated, “coding is rarely 100% excellent and there will probably be errors regardless of the perfect of intentions.”

Rep. Katie Porter, a Democrat from Southern California and a critic of Medicare Benefit, countered: “When massive insurance coverage payments taxpayers for care it by no means intends to ship, it’s stealing our tax {dollars}.”

KHN (Kaiser Well being Information) is a nationwide, editorially unbiased program of KFF (Kaiser Household Basis).